News Reports, News Articles and Editorials.

Standard

News Reports

  • Report MAIN FACTS or INFORMATION
  • About very RECENT and SPECIFIC incidents
  • Objective (more facts than opinions)
  • Headlines are: Simple and straightforward .A summary of what happened
  • You know what the incident/event is by just reading the headline
  • Headline – shows what the focus is (something specific, and something recent)
  • News reports have the WHO, WHAT, WHERE and WHEN at the start.
  • Expert or witness account in direct speech are often included to give weight to the article. E.g: “It has shown aggressive behaviour in the past, however, nothing led us to believe it was appropriate to remove the goat from its habitat,” park spokeswoman Barb Maynes told the Associated Press.
  • Report events in sequence: what happened, what happened next Makes use of TIME connectives – first, later, finally Final paragraph focuses on the current situation and what is happening next (predictions, future consequences, investigation etc)
  • The style is objective (not biased)
  • The reporter is just an observer No ‘I’ is present (unless it is in direct speech/witness/expert account)
  • Most verbs to recount what happened is in the PAST TENSE except for headline and final paragraph
  • Active form “I noticed the fire starting in the factory and called the police,” said John Widjaja. Passive form The start of the fire was noticed and the police were called. In a passive form, the subject/doer is missing and makes the text sound more distant News reporters (except for in a direct speech) makes use of passive form when they want to give the text more authority

Feature Article

  • Are often more personal than a news report
  • Contains a balance of facts as well as opinions
  • Timeless—about an issue that could happen any time
  • Inform, educate, and entertain the reader
  • Writer takes a stance/offers a perspective
  • Uses secondary sources, such as interviews, anecdotes, quotes, or statistics, to support the writer’s perspective
  • It uses quotes liberally and allows the reader to see the story through detailed description and vivid writing.
  • Headline is more creative than a news report/article
  • Headlines are meant to interest the reader to find out more
  • Introduction of a feature article – lead in techniques

Editorial

  • An editorial is an article that states the newspaper’s stance on a particular issue. Basically, it is a persuasive essay that offers a solution to a problem.
  • Head of editorial – MUST CONTAIN THE PROBLEM/SITUATION
  • AFTER THE INTRO – YOUR STAND
  • BODY – CONTENT (You can have more than 3 reasons)
  • ELABORATION for each REASON (Integrate it with the reason)
  • Rebuttal to what the other party might say
  • The last few paragraphs & conclusion – Solution & recap
  • You are allowed to be MORE subjective than a news report or a feature article
  • Must have a strong stand
  • Must give valid and logical reasons for your opinion
  • Must tell the readers what is wrong with the other party’s opinion
  • Provide a solution if asked to ASSESS or SUGGEST solutions
  • May use the pronoun ‘I’ once in a while
  • More opinions than just mere facts.
  • Persuade.
  • Use emotive language
  • (Structure of editorial on the image below)

 

 

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